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For detailed unstructions on how to do this see: Our award-winning products allow business to be more productive than ever before. COM files from the i directory to the root of the C: This page was last edited on 1 May , at This may be interesting in cases where the egress router has lots of packets leaving MPLS tunnels, and thus spends inordinate amounts of CPU time on this. This has allowed the development of faster CPE modems that take advantage of the clarity of signal that the digital modems enjoy. None On a Linux machine you may use Seyon or Minicom at least one should come with your distribution.

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If you want to set the startup state for any or all of these keys, you just need to edit the registry. Network Diagnostics scans your system to gather information about your hardware, software, and network connections. Use a Unix-style CD command to change your present working directory:. There might be a variety of errors at the other computer depending on the operating system. The server's configuration parameter "irpstacksize" is too small for the server to use a local device.

Sometimes after adding the right click with the Explorer, the default setting for opening a folder is changed. There are quite a few services you can disable from starting automatically.

This would be to speed up your boot time and free resources. They are only suggestions so I suggestion you read the description of each one when you run Services and that you turn them off one at a time. To remove the ability for anyone in the world to pop up messages on your computer, you can disable the Messenger service. WindowsXP has a new feature called Prefetch. This keeps a shortcut to recently used programs.

However it can fill up with old and obsolete programs. If XP is corrupted to the point where none of the previous solutions get it to boot, you can do a Repair Install that might work as well as keep the current settings.

Make sure you have your valid WindowsXP key. The whole process takes about half an hour depending on your computer If you are being prompted for the administrator's password, you need to choose the 2nd repair option, not the first. If you get an error regarding a missing or corrupt hal. INI file on the root of the C: If you get the error: COM files from the i directory to the root of the C: The default setting for WindowsXP is to cache the Explorer settings for folders.

If your computer does not turn off the power when doing a shutdown, you may need to edit the registry. You can still download it from Microsoft version If this link is removed by MS or is too slow you can download it here. If you need a previous version, you can download It is now included in Service Pack1. You can also download Sun's version. Since any version of NT does not use an autoexec. You can show hidden devices in the Device Manager. One way is by making a simple registry change. The other is through a batch file.

When you return, RDS will work, but there will be no icon in the notification area. WindowsXP does not allow you to use previously describe methods for printing the contents of a directory. To do this requires the creation of a small batch file which is then added to your right-click options.

On the root of the C: You can add whatever other switches you like. Click Advanced button and then click New. In the Action box, type Print Directory or whatever text you want to appear. In the Application used to perform action box, type C: When viewing a folder with the Thumbnail view, WindowsXP creates a thumbs.

This is a cache of the current pictures in that directory. If you want to turn this feature off and save a little disk space. No more should be created. If your version of WindowsXP is displaying on the desktop and you would like to remove it:.

If you want to use the older version of Microsoft Media Player 6. Make a shortcut on your desktop to the: You can also change the file associations from this program to set it as the default for all media types.

Locate and delete the UpperFilters and LowerFilters values under the following key in the registry: If you need to reinstall WindowsXP and want to keep all your current installed applications and settings:. Previous versions of Windows displayed the filenames on the left hand side when you run the dir command. WindowsXP changes this and the default it to put it on the right.

If your Dell computer is loosing time while the computer is turned on, You can run the following commands:. You can also download a Dell Patch to do the same process automatically. If you experience a 30 second or so delay when browsing to Windows98 or WindowsME computers, delete the following registry key on the Windows or WindowsXP computer.

If you want to format it with FAT If you use program other than the native WindowsXP CD Burner software, you might be able to increase the speed that it loads.

If you are getting an error that: This would overwrite any files you would normally be prompted for. Normally WindowsXP shows assigned pictures for each user on the system. If you have deleted your user pictures, want to know the location, or need to reinstall them, they are stored in the C: If you need to reinstall them, they can be expanded from the source CD. The actual files are: If you like the graphic IP configuration program that comes with Windows98, you can download a similar one for WindowsXP or Windows from Microsoft at: The actual file is at: Since not all vendors include the actual source code for XP, you can download a copy.

This can only be done for drives that do not have the Operating System Installed or you are booting to. If the Windows Picture and Fax Viewer is set as the default for many of your graphic file types, you can remove it so other graphics programs can be used. Although you can log in locally without a password, by default, WindowsXP Pro does not allow network users to access the computer without a password.

Typically you will receive an Unknown error 31 if this is the case. To add to the list of available servers:. Microsoft has made available a program to analyze and decrease the time it takes to boot to WindowsXP The program is called BootVis. If you previously disabled system restore through the Group Policy Editor, the option to start it again does not show in the System Properties. You can re-enable it again by:.

If you want to hide or unhide the names of users that are displayed on the initial logon screen:. This is typically due to corrupted files. If you install a device drive that does not work correctly, you can restore the previous one fairly easily. If you hold down the Control Key when you click on the taskbar icons, it selects multiple tasks.

Then you can simply right-click on the selected items and choose close group. This tip works with all windows, not just one applications. If you have the cal, ie, notepad and solitaire open, it will close them all, unlike the group similar items command that only lets you close all of one type ex: On systems, Outlook or Outlook Express will not remember the e-mail password, which would then need to be entered in each time. If you want to have the original NT style windows logon screen with XP, simply hold the Ctrl-Alt keys and press the delete key twice.

The following Update Submitted by: If you want to turn off the ability to using the built-in CD burner software that comes with WindowsXP:. With WindowsXP, you can manually select how you want individual icons in the System Tray to be displayed. If you installed WindowsXP Power Tools from Microsoft, when you press Alt-Tab to switch between running applications, you get a screen that shows a small graphic of the window that is of that application along with its icon.

This also takes a long time to display. A LAN is a high-speed data network that covers a relatively small geographic area. It typically connects workstations, personal computers, printers, servers, and other devices. LANs offer computer users many advantages, including shared access to devices and applications, file exchange between connected users, and communication between users via electronic mail and other applications.

A WAN is a data communications network that covers a relatively broad geographic area and that often uses transmission facilities provided by common carriers, such as telephone companies. The following articles provide information about the various protocols and technologies used in WAN environments:. The Internet protocols are the world's most popular open-system nonproprietary protocol suite because they can be used to communicate across any set of interconnected networks and are equally well suited for LAN and WAN communications.

The Internet protocol suite not only includes lower-layer protocols such as TCP and IP , but it also specifies common applications such as electronic mail, terminal emulation, and file transfer. This article provides a broad introduction to specifications that comprise the Internet protocols. Discussions include IP addressing and key upper-layer protocols used in the Internet. Specific routing protocols are addressed individually later in this document.

Bridges and switches are data communication devices that operate principally at Layer 2 of the OSI reference model. As such, they are widely referred to as data link layer devices. Several kinds of bridging have proven important as internetworking devices. Transparent bridging is found primarily in Ethernet environments, while source-route bridging occurs primarily in Token Ring environments. Translational bridging provides translation between the formats and transit principles of different media types usually Ethernet and Token Ring.

Today, switching technology has emerged as the evolutionary heir to bridging-based internetworking solutions. Switching implementations now dominate applications in which bridging technologies were implemented in prior network designs. Superior throughput performance, higher port density, lower per-port cost, and greater flexibility have contributed to the emergence of switches as replacement technology for bridges and as complements to routing technology.

The following articles provide information about the technologies employed in devices loosely referred to as bridges and switches:. Routing is the act of moving information across an internetwork from a source to a destination. Along the way, at least one intermediate node typically is encountered. Routing is often contrasted with bridging, which might seem to accomplish precisely the same thing to the casual observer.

The primary difference between the two is that bridging occurs at Layer 2 the link layer of the OSI reference model, whereas routing occurs at Layer 3 the network layer. This distinction provides routing and bridging with different information to use in the process of moving information from source to destination, so the two functions accomplish their tasks in different ways.

Network management means different things to different people. In some cases, it involves a solitary network consultant monitoring network activity with an outdated protocol analyzer.

In other cases, network management involves a distributed database, auto polling of network devices, and high-end workstations generating real-time graphical views of network topology changes and traffic.

In general, network management is a service that employs a variety of tools, applications, and devices to assist human network managers in monitoring and maintaining networks. Service providers are attracted by the lower-cost model-the cost of packet voice is currently estimated to be only 20 to 50 percent of the cost of a traditional circuit-based voice network. Likewise, enterprise network designers are interested in direct cost savings associated with toll-bypass and tandem switching.

Both are also interested in so-called "soft savings" associated with reduced maintenance costs and more efficient network control and management. Finally, packet-based voice systems offer access to newly enhanced services such as Unified Messaging and application control.

These, in turn, promise to increase the productivity of users and differentiate services. Integration of voice and data technologies has accelerated rapidly in recent years because of both supply- and demand-side interactions. On the demand side, customers are leveraging investment in network infrastructure to take advantage of integrated applications such as voice applications.

On the supply side, vendors have been able to take advantage of breakthroughs in many areas, including standards, technology, and network performance. Wireless communication is the transfer of information over a distance without the use of electrical conductors or "wires". When the context is clear, the term is often shortened to "wireless". Wireless communication is generally considered to be a branch of telecommunications. It encompasses various types of fixed, mobile, and portable two way radios, cellular telephones, personal digital assistants PDAs , and wireless networking.

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